Essay on herodotus and thucydides

Thucydides began compiling his work at the onset of the war in B. They were histories of the Trojan War—informative, didactic, and entertaining. But Sucato offers no references for his statement. Here the large Persian fleet could not deploy to advantage, and the Athenians started getting the better of the fight.

Books chronicle the main events in the first part of the Peloponnesian War known as the Archidamian War, including the Plague and the Funeral Oration Book 2the revolt of Lesbos Book 3the Athenian victory at Sphacteria, and the fall of Amphipolis to Brasidas Book 4.

Some suppose that it was intended as a corrective to another account of these same events, portraying Xenophon in an unflattering light. In Book 1 Thucydides stated as his objective to give an accurate account of the war he deemed the most consequential in human history, and to provide knowledge that he hoped would instruct and guide future readers.


Many doubt this account, seeing evidence to suggest he lived as late as BC. In addition, historians sometimes create their own evidence by interviewing people. In the mid-eighteenth century, philosopher David Hume declared that "the first page of Thucydides is the commencement of real history.

It combined geographical with cultural information and might be seen as an early form of cultural anthropology.

But with the conversion of the emperor Constantine inChristian historians had to come to terms with the historical significance of a Christian emperor. If still secret, one might imagine Indiana Jones finding the Pythia still there.

The challenge of seeing through that filter has been met by historians in various ways. However, sophisticated study of oral traditions, combined with advances in archaeologyhas made it possible to discover a good deal about the civilizations and empires that flourished in these regions before European contact.

He may have also been involved in quelling the Samian Revolt. Sucato goes on to say that the Sikels probably came from Lazio [5] and spoke a language belonging to the Italic sub-group of Indo-European languages.

Emulation or imitation was valued, and criticism of sources was usually subordinated to copying. Spoto, Salvarore, Sicilia Antica: It seems unlikely that Chairephon would have been Socrates' friend, and have done what he did, if this had been true of Socrates. Deeds of ancestors, heroes, gods, or animals sacred to particular peoples were chanted and memorized long before there was any writing with which to record them.

The cause of all these evils was the lust for power arising from greed and ambition. Herodotus takes a fluid position between the artistic story-weaving of Homer and the rational data-accounting of later historians. Many doubt this account, seeing evidence to suggest he lived as late as BC.

Delphi already had such a reputation. My work is not a piece of writing designed to meet the taste of an immediate public but was done to last forever. Greek historians of the fourth century BC accepted that history was political and that contemporary history was the proper domain of a historian.

Substantial appreciation first came in the second century B. Behind this veiled criticism of Herodotus is the ambition to establish a diagnostic science of history.

Herodotus - the Father of History

The distance of a Marathon run is Thucydides heard some of them himself. This is one reason why they were content for so long with the annalistic form. Journals of… History of historiography All human cultures tell stories about the past. Another is to look at the records of localities rather than of central governments.

It is no accident that even today Thucydides turns up as a guiding spirit in military academies, neocon think tanks and the writings of men like Henry Kissinger ; whereas Herodotus has been the choice of imaginative novelists Michael Ondaatje's novel The English Patient and the film based on it boosted the sale of the Histories to a wholly unforeseen degree and—as food for a starved soul—of an equally imaginative foreign correspondent from Iron Curtain Poland, Ryszard Kapuscinski.

He lays this out in the proem: What do you think was the main cause of the Persian Wars? To maintain a state, said the Florentine thinker, "a statesman is often compelled to act against faith, humanity and religion".

In addition to the names of kings, events occasionally are mentioned, especially for the later years; but it is hard to understand on what principle they are included. How did the uniqueness of Sicilian manage to survive through all the foreign dominations?

They offer no justification of their demand beyond their power to enforce it, warning the Melians against having any hope in portents or oracles.From The Delian League To The Athenian Empire Thomas Ash Introduction.


When Athens began to emerge as a Greek city state in the ninth century, it was a poor city, built on and surrounded by undesirable land, which could support only a few poor crops and olive trees.

Herodotus - the Father of History This Term Paper Herodotus - the Father of History and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on Autor: review • December 20, • Term Paper • 1, Words (6 Pages) • Views.

Below is an essay on "Herodotus And Thucydides" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. This paper will contrast the historical writings and thoughts of two men who are known to be the first historians/5(1). Herodotus wrote about the wars between Persia and Greece.

Thucydides wrote about the civil war between Athens and Sparta. Together these ancient Greek writers became the first true historians in Western civilization.

The Landmark of Herodotus & Thucydides Write an essay including forms (introduction with thesis, body with citations, conclusion) with pt, Time new roman FONT and margins. Single space with standard character spacing. Thucydides (/ θj uː ˈ s ɪ d ɪ d iː z /; Greek: Θουκυδίδης Thoukydídēs [tʰuːkydídɛːs]; c.

– c. BC) was an Athenian historian and History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" by those who accept his .

Essay on herodotus and thucydides
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